"Good and Bad Inferences from Neuroimaging Data: Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Cortex as a Case Study for Changing Cognitive Ontology"
Can we read minds from neuroimaging data? Attempts to do so have highlighted how the inferences we draw from neuroimaging results can be good but also decidedly not so good. After reviewing the current situation, I will suggest that the direction the field should take is to change our cognitive ontology to achieve the goal of uncovering the functions of dissociable neural subsystems. New results aimed at uncovering the function of the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex will be reported, and the work will be used to exemplify an attempt to achieve this larger goal.